Karavellaka and its Features:
Its botanical name is Momordica Charantia Linn. According To Modern classification, Get the Wellness from Karavellaka the Magical Ayurvedic herb, Karavellaka belongs to kingdom Plantae, from Family Cucurbitaceae of the Order Cucurbitales. According To Ayurveda, Charak, Sushruta, and Bhavprakash classified it into sakavarga.
Other names of it are Karela (Hindi), Bitter gourd, Balsam pear, Bitter melon (English), Karla, Uche (Bengali), Kareli (Gujarati), hagalakai (Kannada), Karle (Marathi), Kaippakka (Malayalam), Pavaikkari (Tamil) and Kakar (Telugu)
It is an annual herbaceous climber with branched tap root and aerial, climbing stem with tendrils; It is herbaceous and green. The leaves are simple, alternate, deeply 5 to 7 lobed, reticulate multicostate venation. The inflorescence is solitary monoecious. It bears male and female flowers which are yellow with five petals. The fruit is a dark green berry dehiscing by 3 valves, longitudinally ridged with rows of triangular tubercles. Seeds are compared and immersed in the bright red pulp.
The plant can be small or big, and grow as cultivated and wild varieties.
It has the following properties
- Rasa-Tikta, KatuVipak-
- KatuVirya- UshnaGuna-Laghu,
- Specific Parts: Panchanga, Fruit Skin.
- Doshaghnata: Kapha- Pitta shaman.
It is used in aruchi, agnimandya and amadosha as rochana, deepana and pachana. In yakridvikara, arsha and krimi as Pittasaraka, bhedana and krimighna.In shotha, raktavikara and kasa, shvasa. It is used to anartava and stanyadushti being artavajanana and stanyashodhana. It is also used in diabetes mellitus to stimulate function of pancreas and to reduce blood sugar level; also in udarda, kustha, jvara, medoroga, and in vishavikara.
The fruit is cut into small pieces and given to treat cases of fever.
The juice of the fruit and leaves of karavellaka is given to treat conditions of amenorrhea and to purify the breast milk (as sthanyashodhana).
The juice of the fruit is consumed daily in a dose of 20-25 ml to detox the blood and act like a blood purifier. The fruit is used as a vegetable and is found in many cuisines all over the world.
Formulation (Kalp) from Karavellaka
It is good for Kapha as Pittasamaka, Kaphahara.
The recommended dosage is 10 to 20 ml as Svarasa.
Research Corner for Wellness at Parijatak
A study is done to investigate blood glucose lowering effect of the Methanolic extract of the fruit of Momordicacharantia L. in alloxan- induced diabetic albino rats. There was an initial rise in Fasting blood glucose for one hour after administration of extracts followed by steep reductions. Significant reduction in FBG occurred at 2 hours for 125 mg/kg of extract, 375 mg/kg. of extract and metformin when compared to normal saline. The maximum percentage reduction in FBC, by both extracts, occurred between 3 and 12 hours post-dose.
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