Bone health and Vit D

Osteoporosis –The condition in which the bones become too much weak and fragile which can easily broken . This very common problem in worldwide,.

This us common in both male and females. In females it is more common after menopause. This occurs due to calcium and Vit D deficiency.

Role of Vit D in bone health

We all know that calcium is key ingredient of bone. But for the aborption of calcium vitamin D is essential.Vitamin D also responsible for bone mineralization which is positively associated with bone mineral density [BMD].

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Severe deficiency of vitamin D leads to rickets in childrenwhich causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.

Andcauses osteomalacia in adults. Many studies showed that the vitamin D plays an important role inpreventing fractures by its mediating effects on muscle function and inflammation.

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vitamin D supplementation can also improve muscle strength by which incidence offalls and fractures can be minimised

Children who lack Vitamin D develop the condition called rickets, which causes bone weakness, bowed legs, and other skeletal deformities, such as stooped posture.

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Dose of Vit D-

Vitamin D is measured in units called “International Units,” or IUs. According to the Institute of Medicine—Food and Nutrition Board, and the National Institutes of Health—Office of Dietary Supplements, the Recommended Daily Allowances for Vitamin D among children is:

400 IU/day for children aged 0-12 months

600 IU/day for children aged 1-18 years

Recent research supports that children over age 5, adolescents, and adults needs at least 1000 IU per day for good health — depending on age, weight, and growth. Indeed, many people need much more than 1000 IU to keep Vitamin D levels in a good range.

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Vitamine D rich Diet-

Animal products like oily fish, fish oils,

sunlight

Cod liver oil

Cow’s milk

Soya milk

Cerals and oatmeal

Mushrooms

Orange juice

Oysters

Yoghurt

Cheese